The Nitrogen cycle is a VITAL key to life on Earth, and maintaining the balance of it is one of the major challenges humans face with climate change. New research from the University of Texas suggests that the Arctic Ocean plays a much bigger role than previously thought in the Nitrogen cycle. The research suggests that Microbes at the seabed of the Arctic Ocean play a job in removing Nitrogen from the environment through denitrification which creates Nitrogen gas.
The region is responsible for about 5% of the World's Ocean nitrogen removal while only making up about 1% of the continental shelf. This is important because it can gives mankind clues as to how to better remove excess Nitrogen from the environment. All living things need Nitrogen to survive but too much Nitrogen can cause harm to both maritime and land based eco-systems.